Q: Which type of toothbrush should I
A: The brand of the toothbrush is not as critical as the type of bristle
and the size of the head. A soft toothbrush with a small head is recommended
because medium and hard brushes tend to cause irritation and contribute to
recession of the gums, and a small head allows you to get around each tooth
more completely and is less likely to injure your gums. It's unnecessary to
"scrub" the teeth as long as you are brushing at least twice a day and
visiting your dentist at least twice a year for cleanings.
Q: Is one toothpaste better than others?
A: Generally, no. However, it's advisable to use a fluoride containing
toothpaste to decrease the incidence of dental decay. We recommend our
patients use what tastes good to them as long as it contains fluoride.
Q: How often should I floss?
A: Flossing of the teeth once per day helps to prevent cavities from
forming between the teeth where your toothbrush can't reach. Flossing also
helps to keep your gums healthy.
Q: What's the difference between a "crown" and a "cap"?
A: These are restorations to repair a severely broken tooth by covering
all or most of the tooth after removing old fillings, fractured tooth
structure, and all decay. The restoration material is made of gold,
porcelain, composites, or even stainless steel. Dentists refer to all of
these restorations as "crowns". However, patients often refer to the
tooth-colored ones as "caps" and the gold or stainless steel ones as
Q: What's the difference between a "bridge" and a
A: Both bridges and partial dentures replace missing teeth. A bridge is
permanently attached to abutment teeth or, in some cases, implants. A
partial denture is attached by clasps to the teeth and is easily removed by
the patient. Patients are usually more satisfied with bridges than with
Q: What about "silver" fillings versus "white"
A: Although the U.S. Public Health Service issued a report in 1993 stating
there is no health reason not to use amalgam (silver fillings), more
patients today are requesting "white" or tooth-colored composite fillings.
We also prefer tooth-colored fillings because they "bond" to the tooth
structure and therefore help strengthen a tooth weakened by decay. While
fillings are also usually less sensitive to temperature, and they also look
better. However, "white" fillings cannot be used in every situation, and if
a tooth is very badly broken-down, a crown will usually be necessary and
provide better overall satisfaction for the patient.
Q: Do I need to have a root canal just because I
have to have a crown?
A: No. While most teeth which have had root canal treatments do need crowns
to strengthen the teeth and to return the teeth to normal form and function,
not every tooth needing a crown also needs to have a root canal.